Processed foods typically have more additives and less fiber and nutrients than unprocessed foods. Refined carbohydrates — such as white flour, white pasta, and white rice — are examples of processed foods that have been stripped of naturally occurring nutrients.

For example, there is evidence to suggest that adopting an anti-inflammatory diet can help people with chronic pain. An anti-inflammatory diet is not a specific eating plan, but its guidelines can help people make suitable choices.

The most common form of dietary glutamate is monosodium glutamate (MSG), which must be listed on the label when it’s included in foods.

Diet and fibromyalgia: Foods to eat and avoid

Holton's research has focused largely on the effects of dietary excitotoxins, chemicals that "excite"; neurons in the brain and that can be toxic if consumed in excess. The most common forms of dietary excitotoxins in the Western diet are food additives used to enhance or sweeten the flavor of foods.

It is important to talk to a doctor before starting to take any supplements, even the “natural” ones. Some supplements can have adverse effects, while others can interact with medications the person may be taking.

Fibromyalgia And Diet: A Beginner’s Guide To Natural Treatment

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, engaging in aerobic exercise for 20–30 minutes per day on 2–3 days per week may help reduce symptoms and fatigue in people with fibromyalgia.

A number of additives and ingredients may worsen the symptoms of fibromyalgia. We cover these in more detail in the sections below.

1. Avoid Foods That Contain Added Glutamate.