Patients and Methods:
Results of qualitative urine toxicology screening for 11 drugs were available for 17 patients and are listed in table 2. These are compared with the number of patients that self-reported abusing the drug listed. Three patients were not tested or the results were lost. There were 14 positive test results for opioids, 9 positive test results for benzodiazepines, 4 positive test results each for methadone, tricyclics, and cannabinoids, 3 positive test results each for cocaine and barbiturates, and 1 positive test result each for amphetamine and propoxyphene. Test results for one patient were negative for any drug, for two patients were positive for opioids only, for five patients were positive for two drugs, for five patients were positive for three drugs, and for four patients were positive for four drugs.
Moreover, patients were asked about any additional treatment other than the study program, and if the answer was positive, they were excluded from the investigation. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16.5 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) using descriptive analysis, independent-samples t-test and Chi-square test. P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
3. Patients and Methods.
All 64 participants were opiate-dependent males (ASA physical status of I or II) who aged over 18 years with a mean age of 31.11 ± 8.93 years at the time of UROD. One month after UROD, 48 patients (75%) reported relapse and 16 (25%) reported abstinence; however, four patients of the non-relapsed group reported one episode of opiate use. There was no significant difference between relapsed and non-relapsed patients regarding their marital status, level of education, and family history of opiate dependency (P > 0.05).
If you come to our addiction clinics , we can help you deal with a wide range of issues where, apart from carrying out the latest opioid treatment, we also offer heroin rehab to set you on the path to recovery. Patients can also visit a naltrexone clinic to receive a naltrexone implant or oral naltrexone tablet, to assist you in your goal of conquering opioid and heroin addiction once and for all.