Interestingly, people with diabetes tend to have lower levels of taurine — another indicator that it may play a role in this disease ( 24 ).
Brain edema is a common finding in patients with acute/chronic liver injury . TA effectively lowered ammonia levels and attenuated brain edema (%brain water) in our investigation ( Table 1 ). Moreover, TA administration effectively mitigated the decrease in motor activities associated with chronic and acute liver injury. Interestingly, it has been shown that TA has inhibitory effects on astrocytes swelling . Astrocytes are the major cells involved in hyperammonemia-induced brain edema . It has been mentioned that brain edema might play a role in the neurologic complications of hyperammonemia , .
Miyazaki T, Matsuzaki Y (2013) Taurine and liver diseases: a focus on the heterogenous protective properties of taurine, Amino Acids (this issue)
Knopf K, Sturman JA, Armstrong M, Hayes KC (1978) Taurine: an essential nutrient for the cat. J Nutr 108:773–778.
Taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids in the male reproductive system and can be synthesized by male reproductive organs .
Cardiovascular disease – the heart contains a high concentration of taurine and various studies indicate the benefits of supplementing taurine for a variety of heart concerns. In studies, taurine was found to increase the retention of potassium and magnesium in the heart muscle which are necessary for electrical stability and regular heart muscle contractions. Studies also suggest that patients with high blood pressure have lower than normal levels of taurine in the bloodstream. When taurine levels are lower than normal, a protein called ‘angiotensin’ is released that causes the elevation of blood pressure.
Ito T, Schaffer SW, Azuma J (2013b) The effect of taurine against chronic heart failure: actions of taurine against catecholamines and angiotensin II. Amino Acids (this issue)